Extended producer obligations – as a tool for reducing negative environmental impact

Gela Aladashvili

PhD in Economics, Professor, at Georgian International University


Environmental policy is facing many challenges today. Waste management significantly contributes to the successful implementation of policies. Despite this, many problems have accumulated in this direction, and the search for effective ways to solve them and forms of encouragement is ongoing. Although many governments have developed policies in response to the increase in waste, finding and using new tools remains a challenge. These include making producers responsible for ensuring the entire life cycle of the products. The article examines extended producer responsibility as a tool for reducing negative environmental impacts, through which producers take significant financial and physical responsibility for the handling or disposal of post-consumer items. The paper discusses the regulations and targets adopted in Georgia, dealing with the management of waste oil, tire waste, electrical and electronic devices, waste batteries, and accumulators. The focus is made on organizational and financial levers within the extended producer responsibility.

Keywords: Extended producer responsibility (EPR), Regulations of ERP in Georgia.



  1. Extended Producer Responsibility and the Impact of Online Sales, OECD 2018, https://www.oecd.org/environment/waste/policy-highlights-extended-producer-responsibility-and-the-impact-of-online-sales .pdf
  2. Poukli, K., 2020, March. Concretizing the role of extended producer responsibility in European Union waste law and policy through the lens of the circular economy, 4. In: ERA Forum, vol. 20, pp. 491–508. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12027-020-00596-9
  3. Wang, Zh., Duan, Y., & Huo, J. (2022). The impact of government intervention measures on recycling of waste electrical and electronic equipment in China considering consumer decision. Energy Policy, 160, 112697. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2021.112697
  4. Ahlers, J., Hemkhaus, M., Hibler, S., & Hannak, J., 2021. Analysis of Extended Producer

Responsibility Schemes: Assessing the performance of selected schemes in Europe

and EU countries with a focus on WEEE, waste packaging, and waste batteries.


  1. Liu, T., Cao, J., Wu, Y., Weng, Z., Senthil, R.A., Yu, L., 2021. Exploring influencing

factors of WEEE social recycling behavior: A Chinese perspective. J. Cleaner Prod.

312, 127829 https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JCLmgwO.2021.127829.

  1. Obligations of producers/importers of products subject to the extended obligation of the producer, Environmental Information and Education Center of LSI, April 18, 2022. https://eiec.gov.ge/Ge/News/details/1871
  2. Law of Georgia "Waste Management Code", Article 9. https://matsne.gov.ge/ka/document/download/2676416/11/ge/pdf
  3. "On the approval of the technical regulations for the management of waste oils" Decree of the Ministry of Georgia #327, May 25, 2020. https://matsne.gov.ge/document/view/4877971?publication=0
  4. "On Approval of the Technical Regulations on the Management of Batteries and Accumulators Waste" Decree of the Ministry of Georgia #324, May 25, 2020. https://matsne.gov.ge/document/view/4877915?publication=0
  5. "On the approval of the technical regulation on tire waste management" Decree of the Ministry of Georgia #325, May 25, 2020. https://matsne.gov.ge/document/view/4877932?publication=0
  6. "Regarding the approval of the technical regulation on the management of waste of electrical and electronic devices" Decree of the Ministry of Georgia #326, May 25, 2020. https://matsne.gov.ge/document/view/4877952?publication=0
  7. "Georgian Waste Management 2016-2030 National Strategy and Waste

On the approval of the national action plan for management" Georgia Drunkenness Resolution #160, April 1, 2016.

  1. Brown A., Laubinger F. New Aspects of MSW: Extending producer responsibility to additional product groups,

and challenges throughout the product lifecycle, OECD Environment Directorate, 2023. https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/cfdc1bdc-en.pdf?expires=1702605603&id=id&accname=guest&checksum=2753CA0C9B047D5978ED891BF0E193AA

  1. OECD (2015), Creating Incentives for Greener Products: A Policy Manual for Eastern Partnership Countries, OECD Green Growth Studies, OECD Publishing, Paris. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264244542-en


The New Economist N 4 (2023), Vol. 18, Issue 4

Published Date: