Economic Aspects of Transnational Migration / ტრანსნაციონალური მიგრაციის ეკონომიკური ასპექტები
Nona Gelitashvili / ნონა გელიტაშვილი
Doctor of Economics, Professor of Tbilisi Humanitarian Teaching University / ეკონომიკის დოქტორი, თბილისის ჰუმანიტარული სასწავლო უნივერსიტეტის პროფესორი.
The article introduces various forms of international migration and the term - transnational migration. The conceptual considerations understand migration as a process that is divided into three phases to simplify matters: the emergence of willingness and the decision to migrate, the search for a possible destination and the decision as to whether and which household member will ultimately migrate, as well as social integration at the destination. The micro-theoretical concept of Utility is of fundamental importance for this process. Macro and microeconomic conditions, historically grown interdependencies between states, the social context in the country of origin and destination or existing migrant networks to flow into the presentation of the complex decision-making process. A summary of selected theoretical approaches to explain transnational migration concludes the article. The phenomenon of transnationality also has a higher priority with regard to recommendations for action.